Structure[ edit ] There are four types of epiphysis: The region of the long bone that forms the joint is a pressure epiphysis e. Pressure epiphyses assist in transmitting the weight of the human body and are the regions of the bone that are under pressure during movement or locomotion. Another example of a pressure epiphysis is the head of the humerus which is part of the shoulder complex.
A sacrament in which the Holy Ghost is given to those already baptized in order to make them strong and perfect Christians and soldiers of Jesus Christ. It has been variously designated: With reference to its effect it is the "Sacrament of the Holy Ghost", the "Sacrament of the Seal" signaculum, sigillum, sphragis.
From the external rite it is known as the "imposition of hands" epithesis cheironor as "anointing with chrism" unctio, chrismatio, chrisma, myron.
The names at present in use are, for the Western Churchconfirmatio, and for the Greek, to myron. Present practice and doctrine Rite In the Western Church the sacrament is usually administered by the bishop.
At the beginning of the ceremony there is a general imposition of handsthe bishop meantime praying that the Holy Ghost may come down upon those who have already been regenerated: A prayer is added that the Holy Spirit may dwell in the hearts of those who have been confirmed, and the rite closes with the bishop's blessing.
The Eastern Church omits the imposition of hands and the prayer at the beginning, and accompanies the anointing with the words: Minister The bishop alone is the ordinary minister of confirmation. This is expressly declared by the Council of Trent Sess.
A bishop confirms validly even those who are not his own subjects; but to confirm licitly in another diocese he must secure the permission of the bishop of that diocese. Simple priests may be the extraordinary ministers of the sacrament under certain conditions.
In such cases, however, the priest cannot wear pontifical vestmentsand he is obliged to use chrism blessed by a Catholic bishop. In the Greek Churchconfirmation is given by simple priests without special delegationand their ministration is accepted by the Western Church as valid.
They must, however, use chrism blessed by a patriarch. Matter and form There has been much discussion among theologians as to what constitutes the essential matter of this sacrament.
Aureolus and Petaviusheld that it consists in the imposition of hands. ThomasBellarmineand Maldonatusmaintain that it is the anointing with chrism. According to a third opinion MorinusTapper either anointing or imposition of hands suffices.
Finally, the most generally accepted view is that the anointing and the imposition of hands conjointly are the matter. The "imposition", however, is not that with which the rite begins but the laying on of hands which takes place in the act of anointing.
As Peter the Lombard declares: Pontifex per impositionem manus confirmandos ungit in fronte IV Sent. De Augustinis, "De re sacramentaria", 2d ed. The chrism employed must be a mixture of olive oil and balsam consecrated by a bishop.
The difference regarding the form of the sacramenti. The validity of both the Latin and the Greek form is unquestionable.
Additional details are given below in the historical outline. Recipient Confirmation can be conferred only on those who have already been baptized and have not yet been confirmed.
Confirmation is to baptism what growth is to generation. They should also be in the state of grace; for the Holy Ghost is not given for the purpose of taking away sin but of conferring additional grace. This conditionhowever, refers only to lawful reception; the sacrament is validly received even by those in mortal sin.
In the early ages of the Churchconfirmation was part of the rite of initiation, and consequently was administered immediately after baptism. When, however, baptism came to be conferred by simple prieststhe two ceremonies were separated in the Western Church.
Further, when infant baptism became customary, confirmation was not administered until the child had attained the use of reason. This is the present practice, though there is considerable latitude as to the precise age.
The Catechism of the Council of Trent says that the sacrament can be administered to all persons after baptismbut that this is not expedient before the use of reason ; and adds that it is most fitting that the sacrament be deferred until the child is seven years old, "for Confirmation has not been instituted as necessary for salvationbut that by virtue thereof we might be found well armed and prepared when called upon to fight for the faith of Christand for this kind of conflict no one will consider children, who are still without the use of reasonto be qualified.
Such, in fact, is the general usage in the Western Church.
Under certain circumstances, however, as, for instance, danger of death, or when the opportunity of receiving the sacrament is but rarely offered, even younger children may be confirmed. In the Greek Church and in Spaininfants are now, as in earlier times, confirmed immediately after baptism.This passage in Hebrews is the site of many a theological war.
Since a plain reading of the five warning passages of Hebrews suggests that it is possible for a genuine Christian to commit apostasy and lose his salvation, Christians are troubled.
Traditionally, they have divided into two camps, largely on philosophical and dogmatic grounds. Definition of 'epithesis' Word Frequency.
epithesis in British (ˌɛpɪˈθiːsɪs) noun plural-ses (-siːz) 1. linguistics. the addition of a letter to the end of a word, so that its sense does not change 2. a splint. 3.
surgery. an orthopaedic modification to a deformed extremity. epiphysis [e-pif´ĭ-sis] (pl. epi´physes) (Gr.) 1. the end of a long bone, usually wider than the shaft, and either entirely cartilaginous or separated from the shaft by a cartilaginous disk.
2. part of a bone formed from a secondary center of ossification, commonly found at the ends of long bones, on the margins of flat bones, and at tubercles and.
epiphysis [e-pif´ĭ-sis] (pl. epi´physes) (Gr.) 1. the end of a long bone, usually wider than the shaft, and either entirely cartilaginous or separated from the shaft by a cartilaginous disk. 2.
part of a bone formed from a secondary center of ossification, commonly found at the ends of long bones, on the margins of flat bones, and at tubercles and. The earlobe crease is a diagonal crease across the earlobe, connecting the lowest point on the tragus to the outside of the earlobe (Fig.
).Some investigators define the finding as a crease traversing at least one third of the distance from the tragus to the posterior pinna, 35,36 whereas others require the crease to extend the total distance.
27,30,37 In a letter to the editor written in. Describes its origin from Biblical texts and how it has been handed down through the ages. The rite is briefly described, and the minister, matter, form, recipient, effects, necessity and sponsors are detailed.